Can A Timeless God Freely Create?

I don’t see why not.  However, Alan Rhoda over at Prosblogion gives an argument to the contrary.  I here summarize Rhoda’s argument:

God’s timelessness entails His immutability (i.e. God can undergo no real or intrinsic change).  Hence,

  1. God is absolutely immutable.
  2. God has freely created.
  3. A free act proceeds from a free decision from among several mutually exclusive possibilities.
  4. Therefore, God made a free decision to create from among several mutually exclusive possibilities. (2,3)
  5. A free decision from among several mutually exclusive possibilities involves a change of ‘intentional stance’ from regarding something as indeterminate (as one of several possibilities) to regarding it as determinate (as the chosen course of action).
  6. Therefore, in freely created God undergoes a change in his intentional stance. (4,5)
  7. Therefore, God has changed in some respect. (6)
  8. Therefore, God is not absolutely immutable. (7)

This has generated some interesting responses.

4 Responses to Can A Timeless God Freely Create?

  1. Wesley says:

    Byzantine Theology had the same issue and so solved it by the doctrine of divine energies, making God’s will part of his energy that radiated from his essence and therefore not sacrificing his mutability. I have also heard of this argument in relation to the Asiety of God, and I believe there was an article in JETS awhile back on that and Jonathan Edwards

  2. Susan says:

    This chain of propositions breaks down before even getting to #3 … There is no “therefore” until one has sufficienly proven this definition of “a free act”

  3. John says:

    Hi, Im from Melbourne Australia. I much prefer these related essays on the nature of Real God.
    1. http://www.dabase.net/dht7.htm
    2. http://www.dabase.net/dht6.htm
    3. http://www.dabase.net/spacetim.htm
    4. http://www.dabase.net/christmc2.htm

  4. Keith says:

    John, thanks for stopping by. I noticed you didn’t respond to Clint. Oh well…My question to this post of yours: Why?

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: